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三田図書館・情報学会誌論文(論文ID LIS032123)

Picture books and age: focusing on Bruna Dick
No.32, p.123-140

When children read pictorial books, they seem to have their own ways of reading, different from those of adults due mainly to their developmental stages. Certain books are favored by children of certain age, but their popularity diminishes as children grow. Dick Bruna's pictorial books are typical cases. They are cherished mainly by children of three to four years old, and the favor of children above five moves rapidly to other books. This paper takes up Dick Bruna's books, and explicates the reasons why they are favored only by three to four years old children and are much less favored by older children.

Findings from developmental psychology show evidences that pictures and texts of Bruna's books are basically understandable to children of ages three to four in terms of their cognition, thought, and language acquisition. Moreover, pictures and texts relate tightly with each other, both conveying the same stories. But often each of them contains the elements of the story which the other does not tell, so that pictures and texts compliment each other. These unity and complementarity give the whole book an exquisite balance between pictures and texts, an essential charm of Bruna's books.