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Library and Information Science Paper (ID LIS062111)

Changes and Characteristics of Reading Guidance in Elementary and Junior High Schools
No.62, p.111-143
Issue date

Purpose: This study examines the changes in the practice of reading guidance. Specifically, it analyzes and discusses the changes in attitude of elementary and junior high school staff toward reading guidance and the characteristics of the method.

Methods: The Japan School Library Association Conference has been held for more than 50 years. In this paper, the author examines the articles by JSLA conference participants and summarizes the practical reports and discussions.

Results: Reading guidance initially began with“reading together”and“thinking more deeply about reading.”The quality of reading was also emphasized. However, there were differences of opinion about the method. Then, through repeated practice around Japan,“group reading that can be held in a short period of time”and“working to make reading more fun”activities were proposed and practiced. The practice of reading guidance has changed as a whole. (1) It used to be difficult to perform reading guidance, but with the implementation of unprescribed time ( ) in the 1980s and the trend toward morning reading activities after the late 1990s, the recognition spread that reading guidance or activities to encourage reading could be performed in even a short time such as 10 to 20 minutes; (2) From the 1980s,“considering reading enjoyment”and“facing reading itself”came under review; (3) with differences of opinion regarding the value of having everyone read the same book and of effectively forcing them to read certain books, the focus shifted to free reading.

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