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Library and Information Science Paper (ID LIS065037)

Masanori KOIZUMI
Theories of Strategic Management in American Libraries: from the 1960s to the 2000s
No.65, p.37-82
Issue date

Purpose: This paper clarifies the characteristics of theories on the strategic management of libraries in the United States, focusing on: 1)how strategic management concepts have been applied to operations or tasks in libraries, 2)the degree to which strategic management theories have an impact on them, and 3)whether library staff place a high value on the results of applying the theories.

Methods: First, a set of strategic management theories to be investigated was selected from standard textbooks of business administration and library management. Second, for each theory in the set, bibliography and bibliographic databases, Library Literature, LISA and LISTA, were searched in order to identify documents discussing it. Third, cases studies and bibliometric analysis were attempted based on the documents. In case studies, some actual cases of applying the theories to library management were extracted from documents, and how the theories were implemented in library operations and how they were evaluated by library staff were analyzed. On the other hand, in bibliometric analysis, the numbers of documents were counted by year, and chronological trends of popularity of the theories in libraries were empirically clarified.

Results: The cases studies show that library managers in the US are particularly concerned about 'planning' and 'evaluation'. However, in most cases, it would have been difficult to progress from planning to practice. Also, library managers tend to select theories on administrative organization rather than those oriented toward the external environment. Although most management theories were not adequately implemented in the cases, only theories on core competence would have been accepted positively and incorporated adequately into practice in libraries. The bibliometric analysis clarified that the impact of management strategy theories is increasing each year, and new theories are being applied in library situations more quickly.

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