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Library and Information Science Paper (ID LIS070089)

Kiichiro KANAI
Differentiation of Metadata Elements Based on Users Music Information Needs: Focusing on FRBR, FRAD and Variations
No.70, p.89-118
Issue date

Purpose: Metadata schemas for organizing music materials usually include many elements in order to allow information professionals to identify each item accurately for their work. However, end users may not require all elements when a system of searching the metadata becomes available to them. This paper aims to determine empirically a smaller set of elements by which information requests (potential search requests) from end users can be satisfied. The set may be considered as a base of user-oriented metadata schema for music materials.

Methods: Actual information requests on music were extracted from transaction records of reference services at several libraries, and the degree to which each element included in FRBR, FRAD and Variations” as related to the request was measured through content analysis of transaction “ w records. In addition to the findings of the preceding study, 474 requests from 5 records in total were examined.

Results: The element “Title of the Work, Title of the Expression”(compound element) was related to 66.5% of all search requests, which indicated that this element was the most dominant in terms of actual usage, and four other elements also appeared in over 25% of records. These five elements are considered to be “core” elements. In addition to these, another five elements appeared in 10‒25% of records and 31 elements in 1‒10%. It is concluded that these elements form a useroriented metadata schema for music materials.

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