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Library and Information Science Paper (ID LIS074031)

The transition and reason of the rules for making rare book union catalogues in Anglo-America
No.74, p.31-60
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Purpose: This paper examines how and why rules for creating rare book union catalogues, such as A Short-Title Catalogue of Books Printed in England, Scotland, & Ireland and of English Books Printed Abroad, 1475–1640(STC) Short-Tile Catalogue of Books Printed in England, Scotland, Ireland, Wales, and British America, and of English Books Printed in Other Countries, 1641–1700 (Wing STC)and English Short Title Catalogue (ESTC)have been transformed.

Methods: Some parts of the rules for creating union catalogues, STC and Wing STC in particular, might not be fully written. Thus, in order to reconstruct rules for creating union catalogues, not only rules and prefaces written in the catalogues as well as related literature, but also the union catalogues themselves were examined. The identified changes of the cataloguing rules are classified, and their reasons are considered.

Results: Some unwritten rules for creating STC and Wing STC have been identified. Some written rules for creating ESTC, which are different from those used at present, have also been identified. The rules for creating the earlier edition of ESTC are far more detailed than the STC 2nd edition. Matters related to each union catalogue, changes of cataloguers and expected users of the union catalogues have been identified as reasons for the above changes, in addition to changes in the tradition of descriptive bibliography, the evolution of library cataloguing rules, and technological changes, which have been identified in earlier studies about cataloguing rules for rare books.

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