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Library and Information Science Paper (ID LIS079021)

An Analysis of Open Research Data Practice, Drivers, and Barriers in Japan
No.79, p.21-57
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【Purpose】This study contributes to the development of open science policies and appropriate support frameworks by clarifying the status and perceptions of open research data, and analyzing drivers and barriers among researchers in Japan.

【Methods】From November to December 2016, 1,983 researchers from the Science and Technology Experts Network operated by the National Institute of Science and Technology Policy took part in a survey. The responses were analyzed for participants' age and disciplines and compared with open access status and previous research results. The reasons for and experience with open data were investigated; the characteristics of researchers who have open data experience were clarified using binomial regression analysis. Reasons for non-disclosure of data and degree of barriers to disclosure were investigated. The characteristics of fields with high and low open data rates compared with the strength of journal open data policies were also clarified.

【Results】Responses were received from 1,398 researchers (70.5%) who belonged to universities, companies, and public institutions/organizations. Of the respondents, 51.0% had experience publishing data; the main reason for disclosure was the improvement of cognition of research results and journal policies. The reasons for non-disclosure varied, including the lack of a journal policy, and only 28.4% respondents would publicize their data if the issues were resolved. Of the researchers, 75.8% had obtained published data and 97.1% exhibited a willingness to use published data. Respondents recognize that there is a lack of human resources, funds, time, and data repositories, which are required resources for data publishing. There were strong concerns, particularly among younger researchers belonging to universities, regarding career risks, such as using data without citation or priority loss. There were also strong concerns regarding confidentiality, commercial use, and misuse.The resulting analysis suggests that important issues for promoting data publishing include improving the availability of open research data and providing support staff to set aside time for researchers. To solve career risk concerns and the lack of incentives, it is important to make the publishing of data a recognized research achievement.

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